Saturday, Apr 13, 2002
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By Our Special Correspondent
Inaugurating a seminar on "Creating Youth Employment through Entrepreneurship'', jointly organised by the Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust (BYST), an NGO promoting entrepreneurial skills among the educated unemployed in different countries and the Commissionerate of Youth Services here today, the Minister said it was not true that the Government had stopped recruitment once and for all. It was taking up need-based recruitment. Last year alone, about one lakh jobs were provided by way of filling vacancies in the education, police and health departments.
The self-help groups the Minister had in mind while projecting seven million jobs by 2005, were the DWCRA and CMEY groups in which 70 lakh people and 30,000 others were engaged for the present respectively.
The insistence on self-employment rather than creation of government jobs was such that DWCRA and CMEY groups were given a budgetary allocation of Rs 45 crores and Rs 25 crores respectively for this year. Mr Ramakrishnudu indicated that the Government might adopt the "mentor'' concept of BJST by attaching established professionals and the like to each targeted beneficiary of the self-help groups for giving proper guidance towards prosperity, especially in the case of CMEY programme under which about 8,000 groups were found to be inactive. The CMEY groups were sluggish in the past two years and in the light of this new guidelines were being formulated for them.
He stressed the need for private-Government partnership for creating new jobs and said the Government would facilitate creation of infrastructure for industries but it would not set up its own. The thrust on IT sector was that it was hoped that it would provide one million jobs now. With the service sector being found to have potential, a major fillip was given to the tourism sector with an investment of Rs 900 crores, all coming from the private sector. Of this, Rs 300 crores was already put into the pipeline.
The Minister said liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation which were pursued as a policy by all Governments across the world had increased unemployment, especially among the educated. The joblessness among the educated was 6 per cent in India and 6.5 per cent in Andhra Pradesh, compared to 14 per cent in West Bengal. There were 34 lakh people on the live registers of the employment exchanges in the State.
Welcoming the gathering which consisted of 70 young entrepreneurs encouraged by BYST in setting up their own units with the offer of capital, ranging up to Rs 50,000 in each case, members of DWCRA/CMEY groups, and Government officials, Mr D. V. Manohar, Chairman, Entrepreneur Selection Panel of BYST, narrated how he came up from scratch and hoped that `mentor concept' would bring about a change in the CMEY viability.
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